The Division of Palliative Medicine was established in 2006 when five beds of an internal ward were specifically adapted to allow care for terminally ill cancer patients. A separate ward for palliative care containing 12 beds was open in June 2010. From its architectural and organizational aspects it is perfectly suited to serve the needs of terminally ill patients.
At present, mainly patients with progressive cancer and a need for palliative care are treated in this unit due to its location within the Department of Medicine I which has Divisions for Oncology and Hematology.
An outpatient department for "Supportive Cancer Care" is run by the Clinical Division of Palliative Medicine and is open to all patients of the Comprehensive Cancer Center.
The Clinical Division of Palliative Medicine is the leading study centre for the Austrian Palliative Care Study Group (AUPACS), a research platform performing clinical studies in palliative care which covers all Palliative Medicine units in Austria.
Since autumn 2011, the Division of Palliative Medicine of the Department of Medicine I has been the first palliative medicine institution in Vienna to be a certified "ESMO-Designated Center of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care". The ESMO accreditation gives evidence of the excellent cooperation between the Division of Oncology and the Division of Palliative Medicine.